‘My Turn’ by Johan Cruyff (2016)

Cruyff was a genius who played a huge role in reinventing football both as a player and a coach. His death rightly prompted a wave of remembrance and reflection on his achievements.

I was too young to see Cruyff play, or to really remember his greatest teams as a coach.  But his influence has loomed large over my football watching – none more so than Pep Guardiola’s magnificent career at Barca, Bayern and Man City.   In the 90’s Eurosport used to show replays of the best World Cup matches from the 70’s and 80’s with modern commentators acting as if the game was live, yet the players had somehow lived another 20 years. Can’t beat lines like “What will Cruyff do next, oh what a pass, it is such a shame that he doesn’t play in the next World Cup”.

One the first great football books I read was Ajax, Barcelona, Cruyff by Frits-Barend and Henk Van Dorp.  This unusual, intriguing book is the closest we have come to a footballing biography / autobiography of Cruyff before My Turn.  Indeed my early football reading was heavily Dutch/Ajax/Cruyff influenced with Simon Kuper’s Ajax, the Dutch, the War and David Winner’s Brilliant Orange also among the books I read in my late teens/early 20’s – all three books deserve a reread and a separate blog post.   I also have a keen picture of Cruyff from the various Barcelona books I’ve read over the years, none more so than the excellent Barca: A People’s Passion by Jimmy Burns.  What is clear is that almost everyone reading My Turn will have a preconceived notion of Cruyff – brilliant, arrogant, temperamental, power hungry and lots lots more.

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What is clear is that My Turn could not have been written at any other time in Cruyff’s life.  It is inevitable that his diagnosis with lung cancer led to a period of reflection and consideration of his life’s work.   This book is not a typical footballer’s autobiography.  The book seems to reflect what was on Cruyff’s mind in the years before he died, with more space given over to both the politicking behind the scenes at Ajax from 2010 to 2015 and to Cruyff’s general worldview than is given to the great Ajax side that won 3 European Cups.

His childhood is very much the story of his relationship with Ajax and the many surrogate fathers he found along the way.  He dwells very little on the key matches or moments of his playing career – instead focusing on his relationship with his coaches – the legendary Rinus Michels and the equally important (to Cruyff) Jany Van Der Veen.

The various slights that have led Cruyff to abruptly depart both Barca and Ajax more than once are both covered.  While Cruyff recognises he can be difficult, it is clear Cruyff felt wronged on each occasion and still believes his own actions were the inevitable result of others actions.  He certainly had a sense of his own importance – but then many us are plenty arrogant without 1% of Cruyff’s achievements to back it up.

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His discussion on family is fairly limited – with a focus being on Jordi’s playing career and the impact Cruyff’s own moves had on his son – until the final chapter, but his relationship with his wife is clearly the most significant of his life.   At every point, Cruyff describes events through the prism of his relationships with others though  – Nunez at Barcelona, the board at Ajax, the directors at Washington Diplomats etc.

What shines through most of all is Cruyff’s vision of football.  I felt this was a bit lacking in the book until the last 50 pages when Total Football and how to play it is given the space it deserves.  Anyone who has watched Man City play this season (or Guardiola’s previous teams) will clearly recognise the template. His commitment to this style of play and his willingness to fall out with everyone when it is not achieved is somewhat endearing to me.  Having gone to an Ajax game in 2013 and nearly fallen asleep during a 0-0 draw, I certainty understand where he is coming from in his later discussions on the fall of the Ajax he knew and helped to build.

There are some great and slightly odd anecdotes throughout the book – from his desire to sign Cyril Regis at Ajax, to his involvement with the proposal to move Wimbledon to Dublin (as a peace initiative apparently!).

Part of the book is clearly Cruyff’s attempt to shape his legacy.  But is endearing is that to him the Cruyff Foundation is what counts – he shows less interest in reshaping the narrative of his career than I would have expected other than correcting ‘fake news’ as we would call it today.

Its a book that jumps from the story of a great footballer, to that of a great coach, to that of a celebrity searching for a legacy.  Overall, the book is an insight into the mind of one of arguably football’s greatest genius.  Like the man it probably gets too caught up in personality clashes – I’d have loved more detail on the three European Cup winning team – but is also singular in its vision.  In many ways, the book is Cruyff’s last call to action – play football and play it the right way.

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The good, the great and the gossipy – my favourite basketball books

I’m convinced that every sports fan has an era for each different sport that stands out as the time when they knew so much about the game. When that sport shone brighter than ever and that, when asked to name a favourite ever player, they return to. For many men, I suspect that age is early teens – for me it, it varies per sport a little but its basically the 90s.  In football, it was USA ’94, the Cantona years of the English Premiership, the Milan side of Baresi and Van Basten merging into the team of Desailly and Weah and great the Ajax side of 1995.  In cricket, it was the Ashes in the era when Australia couldn’t be beaten with the likes of  Glenn McGrath, Shane Warne and Ricky Ponting.  In Boxing it was Collins v Eubank in 1995 and Tyson’s post prison career.

In Basketball it was Channel 4’s decision in 1995 to start showing the NBA (three years after the same channel had introduced me to the wonders of 1990’s Serie A) although the 1992 Dream Team which an 8 year old me has bizarrely clear memories of had wet my appetite for some hoops.

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NBA on TV combined with NBA Jam on the Super Nintendo, the Atlanta Olympics and my own 3 game basketball career (one amazing game, one alright game, and one game so bad that I retired from the sport at age 12) meant that very briefly I really loved the NBA. The Bulls of Jordan’s second stint were the dominant team with Shaq led Orlando Magic also a particular favourite. Tim Hardaway, Karl Malone, Tim Duncan and Allan Inversion are the other names that immediately spring to mind. Its only in recent years, through spending a lot of time in the US (particularity during March Madness) and ESPN 30 for 30s that I have rekindled an interest in the sport.

So in reading basketball books I’ve very much been drawn to that era and those players. And in that era one man looms large over basketball and popular culture – Michael “Air” Jordan.  All of which is a long winded way of getting to my first book – Playing for Keeps: Michael Jordan and the World He Made by David Halberstam. Halberstram is a writer I found through this book and I fell in love with his work. I’ve seen Halberstam described as being to sports books what Robert Caro is to political biographies and Paul McGrath is to centre backs (i.e God basically) which I fully agree. He is simply a wonderful writer.

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Playing for Keeps was written before Jordan retired for the second (but not final) time. The book is about Jordan, the phenomenon that was/is Michael Jordan, NBA of the 80s and 90s and the people in that world. Its as much about the impact of Jordan as it is about the actions of Jordan. Halberstram gives plenty of backstory on the various supporting players (Phil Jackson, Scottie Pippen, Dennis Rodman, Larry Bird, the wonderfully entertaining Pistons, just to name a few) to create a full, and compelling portrait of the Bulls and the NBA of the time. The Jordan that emerges is complex, headstrong, incredibly hard working and above all driven – driven perhaps like nobody before or since in any sport. Its a detailed, engrossing read and one that I would recommend to anybody.

My only criticism is that it reads at times a bit too much of a love letter about Jordan – although its hard to think of a sportsman who came to define his sport more than Jordan.  Like all Halberstam’s books it is wonderfully well written and tells as much about the society at the time (particularly the changing US attitudes to race) as it does the protagonist.

A very different book looking at the Jordon phenomenon is the gossipy and entertaining The Jordan Rules by Sam Smith. The book details the internal workings of the Chicago Bulls during the 1990/91 season as they won their first NBA Championship. Jordan doesn’t come across particularly well. Most surprising to me at least was his attitude to basketball – he seems to really just have wanted to retire and play golf.  There are definitely question marks over how accurate it is – the Fire and Fury of its day when the most famous man in America was thankfully just a sports star!  Its a very different book to Playing for Keeps written by a lesser writer (but who isn’t a lesser writer than Halberstram). But its enjoyable and entertaining.  Its not a classic, but its a fun read and a fascinating snapshot of nearly 30 years ago.

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Jordon looms large in another great basketball book covering the same era, Dream Team by Jack McCallum. Its an enjoyable book on the Dream Team from the 92 Olympics.  It really was some amazing collection of cultural icons with Magic, Micheal Johnson, Larry Bird and Charles Barkley among others.  McCallum had amazing access to the players both at the time and years later – including Jordan who seems to rarely talk to journalists for these type of books.  Brought back some great memories of watching the Barcelona Olympics as an 8 year old and loving both the Dream Team and the amazing multicoloured, Grateful Dead inspired, jerseys worn by recently independent Lithuania.

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A good insight into the players, their relationships with each other and the ultimate impact the team had on basketball.  McCallum recounts many entertaining behind-the-scenes stories of the Dream Teamers when they weren’t defeating their opponents by embarrassingly large margins. The backstage stuff is the value of the book – reading about a 40 point victory isn’t exactly thrilling.

One of the highlights is the coverage of “The Greatest Game that Nobody Ever Saw,” the infamous team practice match that Coach Chuck Daly organized at the team’s practice facility in Monte Carlo. The greatest collection of basketball players ever going at each other. McCallum goes play-by-play through this exhibition, and brings to life on the rare great sports moments you can’t find on youtube!

Moving from Jordon to his predecessor as the biggest star in sports – Magic Johnson – another classic is Showtime: Magic, Kareem, Riley, and the Los Angeles Lakers Dynasty of the 1980s by Jeff Pearlman.  I never liked the Lakers. I started watching the sport after the Showtime era and I can’t help feeling I may have liked them a lot more had I been a little older. Showtime covers the team that won five championships in a 9-year span. It tells the story of the great team led by Pat Riley that dominated the sport before the lulls of the 1990s and the return to the top under Phil Jackson.

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Pearlman has carved a bit of a niche in chronicling the bad guys in sport – with previous books Boys will be Boys and the Bad Guys Won covering the questionably behaved Cowboys and Mets.  His books are gossipy and entertaining – definitely more Jordon Rules than Playing for Keeps – and I love them. Pearlman does a great job of bringing the the 80’s era Lakers to life – from the beginning to the sad (but thankfully not tragic) end when Magic announced his HIV diagnosis. It is a very entertaining read which pulls no punches – a lot of drugs and a lot of women – through many interesting and sensational anecdotes. Who wants to read about a well behaved team after all?

A number of the players who are veterans in Showtime also featured heavily in David Halberstram’s other basketball masterpiece Breaks of the Game.  Younger versions of Kareem and Jerry West are key players which makes this a fascinating companion piece with Showtime. That and the fact that the writing styles are very different – broadsheet vs tabloid to some degree (while both still excellent books). Breaks of the Game is one of the all time great sports books.  Halberstram follows the Portland Trail Blazers NBA team for a season in the 80s.  The book chronicles the teams slow decline rather than the earlier rise. At the heart of the book is Bill Walton, the supremely talented, politically active, white centre – a college legend whose pro career was more injury dominated than dominant on the court.

The book captured an era of change – the birth of the modern NBA. Magic and Bird were rookies, the NBA had swallowed the ABA and more and more black players were being signed and leading teams. The team and players are used as means to explore every aspect of NBA life – money, the strains of the season, injuries and most of all race. Simply wonderful writing and a fascinating study of America and pro sports at the time.

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Away from the pros, its arguable that even better books can be found – great books on high school hoops offer a slice of American life that is compelling, depressing and all to common.  Very recently I read the The Last Shot: City Streets, Basketball Dreams by Darcy Frey. First published in 1994, the book looks at Lincoln High School in Coney Island, New York – a deprived area that became heavily ghettoised from the 70’s on. The book focuses on 3 incoming high school seniors with huge potential and the possibility of college. The 4th star is a 14 year future NBA star Stephen Maybury.  Its a gritty and dark look at life in the projects and the depressing reality that only sport offers a potential escape to the lucky few. The book contains very little game by game action and highlights that the attempts to get a high enough mark in the SATs after years of educational neglect is a bigger challenge and far more important than any city or State title. The 2004 version contains an epilogue of where the players ended up which puts a new slant on the story.  Well written, thoughtful, compelling and insightful, it deserves its place on the list of greatest sports books.  last shot

But there may be a high school book that sits above it in the pantheon – The Miracle of St. Anthony: A Season with Coach Bob Hurley and Basketball’s Most Improbable Dynasty by Adrian Wojnarowski.   I adore this book and am desperate to reread it once I figure out who I lent it to!  Wojnarowski follows legendary Coach Bob Hurley and his St. Anthony High School team through an incredible season.  Not only is the writing fantastic but the story is amazing.  Hurley is an old school coach who motivates through discipline but his loyalty to his players and his determination to improve their lives is inspiring.  The season plays out like a novel keeping the reader gripped as the life stories of the coach, the sisters who run the school and the players unfold.

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A number of the books above are due a reread, and there are a number of basketball books on the to-read pile – I plan to do individual blog posts for each book and eventually update / repost this.